Doctrine of Holiness (not the Trinity, Part II)

I’m teaching a class called The Doctrine of Holiness to local pastors through FLAME/District Extension Classes so instead of writing Trinity, Part II,  I’m providing a short simple primer on Entire Sanctification for your reading pleasure.  Day 1 of class is in the books, I need to get read for Day 2, and then Day 3 (which, thankfully, is only half a day!) Please pray for my students (all busy pastors) and I as we walk through this doctrine.

Wesleyan theology is a theology of hopefulness and optimism.  This hope and optimism is base on our understanding of God’s grace as revealed in Scripture.  We believe that Christ died not only to cover the guilt of our actual sins (the sins we commit willingly or unintentionally) but also to cleanse/heal our bent toward sin.  When this bent toward sin is healed (or our sin nature is eradicated) he concurrently empowers us to live lives free of willful sin. Another way of saying this is that we are freed from our sinful nature and empowered to love God with our whole hearts and to love our neighbors as ourselves.

We’re talking about 3 different solutions to three types of sin:

Original Sin (aka sin nature, the old man, bent toward sinning, etc.)
Willful Sin (when we make a choice to do something that we know is against what God wants us to do. This is what we normally think of when we say “sin”)
Involuntary/Unintentional Sin (these are sins we commit without realizing we’re actually doing anything wrong.  This could include things like using a word you don’t know is a cuss word, or enabling an addict when you thought you were just being kind by giving them money, crushing your child’s spirit when you were disciplining them in what you thought was the best way, etc. )

We believe that the what Jesus accomplished at the cross (his atonement) addresses each of these sins:

Involuntary/Unintentional Sins need atonement.  They are forgiven for the believer at conversion.
Willful Sins need atonement.  They are forgiven for the believer at conversion.
Original Sin: Any guilt associated with original sin is covered for all people at the atonement. But the corruption remains for unbelievers and believers alike until the corruption is healed/eradicated either at entire sanctification (a spiritual event that can happen during your life time) or at glorification (when all things are made right after the you die).

When our original sin (sin nature, bent toward sinning, etc.) is eradicated  or hearts are turned toward God and our desire is to please him completely.  We are empowered to live holy lives.  Holiness is being 1) set apart for God’s use and 2) purity.  This purity is a purity of love.  We love God with our whole heart, soul, mind and strength and we love our neighbor as ourselves.  Sin is primarily doing something that is not loving God well or not loving our neighbor well.

It is possible for someone to willfully sin, even after their sin nature is eradicated.  We know this both from experience and by looking at the lives of Adam & Eve.  They had no sin nature, they existed in a state of innocent holiness, and yet they chose to disobey God.  An entirely sanctified believer can sin.

When I lack the faith the pray for God to entirely sanctify me I step back and ask him to so fill me with his love that I can love him with my whole heart soul, mind, and strength and love others as I love myself.  And I ask him to keep me from sin…which is basically just asking him to entirely sanctify me.  Really, who can argue with that?

Here are a few videos that we’ll take a look at in class and other helpful resources.

Articles and Blog Posts:

Holiness, Entire Sanctification, and the Redirected Heart by Timothy Tennent (on Seedbed)

A Primer on Prevenient Grace by Andrew Dragos

Holiness by the Bible Project

The Image of God by the Bible Project:

John Wesley on Prevenient Grace

What is Holiness? by John Oswalt

Moving Beyond Spiritual Defeat and into God’s Gift of Holiness by John Oswalt

Does Romans 7 Teach that Christians Will Continue Sinning? 7 Minute Seminary by Ben Witherington III

What is Christian Perfection? by Ryan Danker

Holiness as a Life of Christian Victory

Both Holy and Loving


I was a counselor at a Christian one summer camp during college.  When my cabin of high school girls gathered after the evening rally and I asked them what “holy”meant. We had just finished singing about how holy God was and it occurred to me they might not understand what they had so passionately been declaring.  My question was met with blank stares.  I was right, they didn’t know, and I realized it was my job to explain to them something I barely understood myself.    15 years later I think I’ve got it narrowed down a little bit…

The essence of holiness is being separate from something else.

Separated by kind. God is holy. Though he is intimately involved in creation he exists independently of it and is distinct from it. He is holy, separated, because he is of a different kind than we are.

Separated from sin (moral purity). God is also holy in the sense that he is completely separate from sin.   He has not sinned, he will not sin, he does what is right and is what is right.

Separated into chosen/unchosen for a purpose.  Israel was a holy nation because they were chosen, set apart, separated from other nations. Items used in temple worship were holy because they were set apart for only sacred (religious) use. With this usage, the intent of the separation (for religious purposes) carries the implication of sacredness.


The English word holy  most commonly come from the the Hebrew root קֹ֫דֶשׁ  (qodesh) and the Greek root ἅγιος (hagios).  There are other Greek and Hebrew words that are translated as holy, but these are the most common.  At the core of both of these words is the idea of separateness or apart-ness.  Alternate translations into English include words like hallowed, sanctified, and dedicated.  When the holy is repeated it is for emphasis; instead of saying, “very holy” the author might say “holy holy” or “holy of holies.”  When holy is repeated three times (as in Isaiah 6:3) it is means, basically, “the holiest thing ever.”  Only God is holy, holy, holy.

Christians are Holy

As Christians we are called holy and told to grow in holiness.

We are holy because we have been chosen to be God’s people, his children. 2 Peter 1:9 says, “But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.”   We are set apart with a purpose of declaring his praises.

We are also holy because Jesus has washed away our sins making us legally sinless or pure (more on that when we get to salvation and atonement).

We are called holy, and told to act holy.  But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do;  for it is written: ‘Be holy, because I am holy.'” (1 Peter 1: 15-16). We are holy people and we should act holy.

We are separated from the world to God.  We are separated from sin to right-living.

Holiness and Love

God is love.  God is holy.  These things, love and holiness, are not really that different from each other when you understand that sin is primarily failing to love God or love others well. Love isn’t about following rules, it’s about priorities.

When asked what the greatest commandment was, Jesus famously replied,‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment.  And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”   He says that every law and every rule points us to loving God and loving others.

His admonishments weren’t about avoiding sin, they were about loving without reserve.  Sin, most often, isn’t about breaking rules but about failing to love.  Gossip is sin because it’s disrespectful and unloving; it does not take into consideration the feelings of the person being talked about.  Watching porn is sinful because it’s failing to treat others as children of God, made in his image, with dignity, potential brothers and sisters in Christ. When you use others for your sexual arousal, you are not loving them.  When you are loving them, when you see them as human beings, want the best for them, and to pray for them, you’re less likely to find the satisfaction that you’re looking for when you view porn. 

Holiness is less about avoiding sin or becoming moral and more about letting  the Holy Spirit so fill you with love that it oozes out of your pores and into every interaction you have with every single person in every moment of every day.

When you’re focusing on sinning less, you’re focusing on sin more often.  
When you’re focusing on loving more, you’ll sin less.  

Our God is both holy and loving.  Let him love you.  Be rooted and grounded in his love.  Let his love be your firm foundation.  (This is an excellent devotional to help you go deeper in delighting yourself in his love).  With intimate knowledge of and experience of his love you’ll long to love him and others the same way.  When you are rooted in love you will long for holiness because you will want to love others with the love you’ve experienced.

Our God is both holy and loving and we are called to be increasingly more holy and loving. The two are so intertwined that you cannot be one without the other.

Take some time this week exploring God’s holiness and his love; allow yourself to experience this love. Then explore what it means to love and be holy. An easy place to start is simply be looking up these words and reading the verses that contain these words (and surrounding context).  So, for example, go to and search holy. After you’ve read all those verses, search for holiness,  then holy ones.  Share what you learn about God and about yourself with someone else this week. holy-and-loving


We are called saints (or holy ones, depending on your translation) several times in the New Testament (1 Romans 1:7, Corinthians 1:12, 2 Corinthians 1:1, Ephesians 1:1, etc.).

Too much separation from the world can lead to Christian ghettos.   In order to avoid being defiled by the world, Wesleyans and other holiness denominations, have, at times, erred on the side of seclusion.  We put our colleges in the middle of nowhere so our students would be less effected by the evil around them, we hang out at church with people who are like us, we don’t go to dances or movies, and strive to avoid sin.  But holiness isn’t just about avoiding sin, it’s about loving fully.

The first thing called holy in the Bible is the 7th day, during creation (Genesis 2:3).  He called the 7th day the Sabbath, or day of rest, because it was separate from the other days.  On the other six days, God worked.  On this day, God rests.  It is a holy day.

Songs about Love & Holiness

The first time I heard this song was when I worked at the Portland Rescue Mission.  One of the staff had heard it and shared with the residents who were standing nearby.  I think this might have been the only song we heard for at least the next week.  So many of the women, the staff included, needed to be reminded and renewed with the truth that God’s love for us is not an analytical choice but a passionate, exuberant love.

Here’s the same song with a different flavor: